Friday, December 29, 2006

Anasintaxi issue 239 RELEASED


- Hands off Universities asylum

Against the privatization of education
and the reactionary revision of the Constitution

Only the militant UNITY of academics-teachers and mass OCCUPATIONS students-pupils can stop government's reactionary "reformation"

Against the instrumentalization of education

Declaration of the XX. International Anti-Imperialist and Anti-Fascist Youth Camp

See the entire statement here

- Giogros Kotzioulas the brave poet of the poor, the Revolution and the National Resistance (50 years from his death)

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Friday, December 22, 2006

Stalin's 127th birthday anniversary

Georgians carry red flags and portraits of the great Soviet leader Josef Stalin during a rally marking his 127th birthday anniversary in Stalin's home town of Gori.

(AP Photo/Shakh Aivazov)
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Thursday, December 21, 2006


Francisco Caraballo is First Secretary of the Communist Party of Colombia (marxist-leninist) and commander of the glorious People's Army of Liberation or EPL. He was captured in 1994 and has been impprisoned in the high security jail at Itagui outside Medellin. Francisco Caraballo has been re-elected leader of the Party and is also spokesperson for the EPL.
Colombia is a bourgeois-pro-imperialist state where the rights of the people are trampled, forcing them to take up arms. The Communist Party of Colombia (marxist-leninist) was formed as a revolutionary party in the July month of 1965 and has provided the political leadership of the EPL since it was constituted in 1967. The EPL is a guerrilla army based on the people and operating in rural Colombia.


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Friday, December 15, 2006

ICMLPO: Resolution on the Situation in the Middle East

* This article translated in Greek is available on issue 243 of Anasintaxi.

The International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (ICMLPO), meeting in Brazil, at its XIIth Plenary Session, has examined the situation in the Middle East. In the first place, the participants greet the International Conference of Solidarity with the People of Lebanon and other peoples of the region, a conference which is held in Lebanon.

The ICMLPO has particularly examined the following points:

1. U.S. imperialism which, together with its English ally, has been occupying Iraq since 2003, is continuing to massacre the civilian populations, is practicing torture on a grand scale, is murdering, imprisoning, and forcing into exile the Iraqi elites, promoting communal and ethnic rivalries to divide the country, is sinking the popular masses into misery and ignorance, and is systematically looting the oil wealth of the country. Faced with this imperialist barbarism, the Iraqi people, counting on the solidarity and sympathy of the workers, peoples, revolutionaries and progressive people of the world, is waging a tenacious armed resistance that has dealt the occupiers political and military disasters, to the extent that it has been forced to speak of a "new Vietnam", while seeking a way out of the Iraqi hell.

2. The Zionist State of Israel, with the blatant support of U.S. imperialism and the European imperialists, as well as with the tacit or open collaboration of the reactionary Arab states, is continuing to massacre the Palestinian people in Gaza and in the West bank, creating a famine by blocking the arrival of international aid, is murdering, kidnapping and imprisoning its leaders, destroying their homes and infrastructure, expelling thousands of families, "Judaizing" their land and places of worship to subject this martyred people and impose on them the imperialist-Zionist plans that deny them their national rights.

In reaction to these policies of extermination, the Palestinian people are continuing their resistance and struggle to recover their land, to achieve their independence and to build a future with dignity, peace, democracy and progress. The Palestinian cause demands the ever increasing support of the peoples and the freedom-loving forces.

3. Last summer, the Zionist State, with the direct support of the Bush government and the majority of the governments of the European Union and the collaboration of the reactionary Arab states, declared a savage war against Lebanon. Entire towns were destroyed, civilian populations were massacred or forced into exile. The majority of the economic and civilian infrastructure was destroyed. In that aggression, prohibited weapons were used. The brave Lebanese people and their armed resistance, counting on the solidarity and sympathy of the peoples and the anti-imperialist forces of the world, inflicted a defeat on the Zionist army that has restored confidence to the Arab peoples of the whole region in their potential and their ability to win.

4. Since 2001, Afghanistan has been under the military occupation of the U.S. imperialists and their allies. This occupation has brought chaos, lack of security and misery to the country. The armies of occupation do not bother to conceal the massacres that they are committing in the name of the "war on terrorism". The Afghan people are continually showing their rejection of the occupation. The armed resistance is developing and intensifying from day to day to expel the occupying forces. U.S. imperialism and its allies have been threatening Iran and Syria for months, in order to subject those countries to their imperialist dictates.

The ICMLPO, in consideration of all these facts, energetically condemns the imperialist actions against the Arab peoples and the peoples of the Middle East in general.

It denounces the hypocritical nature of the pretexts invoked to justify themselves, such as the "war on terrorism" or the "proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction", the "defense of democracy and human rights", etc.., and condemns the racist, hateful and ideological cover for those wars and aggressions, as if these were a "clash of civilizations" or a "war between religions".

It points out that the real objectives of U.S. imperialism and its European and Zionist allies, are nothing more than to install their total domination in this strategic area rich in petroleum. The goal of the Bush government is to create a "Great Middle East" and a "New Middle East" in order to establish domination of the region.

It reiterates its support to the peoples of the Middle East and the armed resistance which are confronting the imperialist and Zionist aggressors. The ICMLPO considers that the struggle of these peoples is an integral part of the struggle of the workers and peoples against imperialism. The result of these struggles directly concerns the peoples, because every weakening of imperialism, headed by U.S. imperialism, reinforces the struggle in ones own country and internationally. Thus, the Arab peoples and the peoples of the region in question should not mistake the nature of their struggle, which is not religious or racial, but anti-imperialist and anti-colonialist. The workers and peoples of the other countries are their allies, regardless of their religion, race or culture, even in the aggressor countries, where thousands and thousands have come out into the street to protest against the imperialist war.

The ICMLPO calls on the workers, peoples, progressives and revolutionaries of the world, to support ever more actively the struggle of the peoples of the Middle East for their national independence. The workers of the imperialist countries have the duty to fight against their governments and to demand the withdrawal of their troops from Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as to withdraw their support from the Zionist, racist and criminal State of Israel.

The ICMLPO also supports every international attempt to put an end to the impunity of the assassins of the peoples and to demand that the imperialist and Zionist leaders be judged for crimes against humanity committed in Iraq, Palestinian, Lebanon and Afghanistan.

Brazil, November of 2006

International conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations

Revolutionary C.P. of Brazil (PCR)
C.P. of Chile Proletarian Action (PC-AP)
C.P. of Colombia (Marxist-Leninist)
C.P. of the Workers of Denmark (APK)
Communist Party of Labor of the Dominican Republic
Marxist-Leninist C.P. Ecuador
C.P. of the Workers of France (PCOF)
Communist Party of Germany (KPD)
Party of Labor of Iran – Toufan
C.P. of Mexico (Marxist-Leninist)
C.P. of Spain (Marxist-Leninist)
C.P. of the Workers of Tunisia
Revolutionary C.P. of Turkey (TDKP)
Revolutionary C.P. of Volta

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Statement of the International Conference of Marxists-Leninist Parties and Organizations to APPO

* The statement translated in Greek is available on issue 242 of Anasintaxi.

To the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (APPO)

Our Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations, of Europe, Asia, America and Africa, have followed with attention, solidarity and recognition the heroic struggle of the Mexican people and in particular, the struggle of the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca, who have confronted in a determined and consistent way the economic politics of the neo-liberal oppressors of their country and of the State of Oaxaca, headed by the PRI [Institutional Revolutionary Party, bourgeois ruling party from 1929 until 2000 – translator’s note], and PAN [National Action Party, bourgeois ruling party of outgoing president Vicente Fox and Felipe Calderon, made president in December 2006 after fraudulent elections – translator’s note].

The fascist repression that has been unleashed against APPO, by both Ulises Ruiz Ortiz (URO) [Governor of the state of Oaxaca, member of the PRI – translator’s note] and Vicente Fox Quesada, with police, paramilitaries, assassins and the armed forces shows once again that these governments do not represent the interests of the working class, the poor peasants, the students, the teachers and the proletarian women of Mexico and Oaxaca. Rather, they seek to destroy the movement, thus showing themselves to be in the service of imperialism and the local financial oligarchy. Therefore their demands are necessary and just: stop the repression, dismissal of the governor, the departure of URO and the establishment of a proletarian and popular government, where the people not only have a say, but decide the contents and the forms by which they will govern Oaxaca and Mexico.

The Popular Assembly of the Peoples Oaxaca, with more than 6 months of just struggles, at the barricades, through large popular mobilizations and its democratic life, is showing to the peoples of Mexico and world; to imperialism, fascism and capitalism, that we will only succeed if we develop a revolutionary tactics and strategy; if we build and strengthen the broadest proletarian and popular unity, and if we remain linked and in solidarity with the exploited peoples of the world, working for the revolution, socialism and communism, as the only true alternative for the emancipation of the exploited.

From Brazil, location of our XII International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations, receive our deepest solidarity, our more combative internationalist support, hoping that this will contribute to the prompt fall of the tyrant URO, the departure of the PFP [Federal Preventative Police – translator’s note] and the end of the persecutions, murders and disappearances in Oaxaca.


XII Plenary

Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (ICMLPO)

Revolutionary Communist Party of Brazil PCR
Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) PC (AP)
Communist Party of Colombia (Marxist-Leninist)
Communist Party of the Workers of Denmark APK
Communist Party of Labor of the Dominican Republic
Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador
Communist Party of the Workers of France
Communist Party of Germany KPD
Party of Labor of Iran PTI Toufan
Communist Party of Mexico (Marxist-Leninist)
Communist Party of Spain (Marxist Leninist)
Communist Party of the Workers of Tunisia
Revolutionary Communist Party of Turkey
Revolutionary Communist Party of Volta

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Monday, November 20, 2006

Anasintaxi issue 237 RELEASED


  • Zacharidis' Historical Letter

  • The "Waterloo" of the reactionary "C"PG-New Democracy cooperation in Karditsa

  • Comrade Nikos Zachariadis: "Brave Party Leader" ("Rizospastis", 18/5/1945)

  • "Rizospastis"-"Avgi"-Benediction for the beginning of new Session of Greek Parliament: The deputies of ND-PASOK-"G"PG wise and compliable "children" of Hristodulos

  • Long Live Great October

  • 50 years from the trial of the Khrushchevian revisionists against the Greek communists in Tashkent (part 6)
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Saturday, November 18, 2006

89th anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution

A communist holds a portrait of Soviet leader Josef Stalin as he takes part in the rally dedicated to the 89th anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution in Kiev, Ukraine, Tuesday, Nov. 7, 2006. (AP Photo/Sergei Chuzavkov)
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The Communist Manifesto

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Friday, November 17, 2006

Long Live the Polytechnic uprising of November 1973

Long Live the 33nd anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising of November 1973 against the military Junta (1967-1974).
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Monday, November 13, 2006

Anasintaxi issue 236 RELEASED


  • Teacher's strike ended - Movements continue

  • Municipal-prefectoral elections:
    A brief glance in the type of the two big urban parties, the monarch-fascist party of New Democracy and PASOK, in that of the two social-democratic parties, "C"PG-Synaspismos, but also in to the minor Left Organizations shows that all marked "successes" and "increased" their electoral percentage

  • The murder of M. Gurniezakis
    • How did the parties of Oppositions placed toward the murder of the syndicalist M. Gurniezakis from DAKE fascists and what are their heaviest political responsibilities

  • Oil and rivalry in the Arctic
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Saturday, November 04, 2006

Anasintaxi issue 235 RELEASED

  • Extreme and very hazardous development: Government plans prohibition of the demonstrations and abrogation-prohibition of the worker's organizations in "Public Services"

  • Avgustos Bagionas (1931-2005): A farewell to a revolutionary Marxist philosopher

  • The great teacher's strike continues for the 5th week

    • Leaders of PAME: From opposing the 5-days strikes to the repeating separate demonstrations upon benefit of the government

  • The "brave kids" of the Khrushchev-Breznief-Gorbatchev faction go the mountain of Grammos to collect votes

  • Testimonies of Ah. Papaioannou kai V. Karagiannis for the two great defeats of H. Florakis in the DA
    • Testimony of Ahilleas Papaioannou, brigadier of the DA
    • Testimony of Vasilis Karagiannis, major of the DA
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Friday, November 03, 2006

Political Accord between the PCT and the PTD

For Revolutionary Unity

* This article translated in Greek is available on issue 225 of Anasintaxi.

We, the Dominican Workers Party, PTD ML, and Communist Party of Labour, PCT, after several discussions and a long period of relationship in the popular and political struggles, have reached a political accord that we hope will contribute to widening the trench for popular and revolutionary struggle in our country. The content of the accord is as follows:

Political Accord

1. We, the Communist Party of Labour (PCT) and the Dominican Workers Party (PTD ML), after several rounds of political exchanges, have reached fundamental agreement on their views of the historic situation of the Dominican revolution and the evaluation of the changes that have occurred in Dominican society and the world in the last 25 years.

2. The social-economic, political and cultural changes that have taken place in the last decades, which have reinforced the capitalist model of exploitation in the Dominican Republic, though they have guaranteed the limited representative democracy seen in the holding of parliamentary and presidential elections every four years, have not prevented more than 80% of the Dominican population from being mired in poverty and nearly two million from suffering from illiteracy due to the exclusionary and exploitative character of the prevailing social and economic regime.

3. Thus the weakness and failure of the political-juridical institutions is clear; a minority of families and their business associates have the green light to do what they want and monopolise the decision-making.

4. National sovereignty has declined with the open intervention of the U.S. embassy and of the international financial agencies and other imperialist agencies in the internal affairs, the increase in the foreign debt, privatisation of the majority of state businesses and imposition of a socio-economic model based on profit and the predominance of the service sectors, financial and speculative activities, the informal economy and imports, to the detriment of the national productive sectors.

5. This reality places us in the field of programmatic struggles and slogans, the winning of participatory democracy, defence of national sovereignty and progress included as priority tasks in the Dominican revolutionary process in the present phase, without our organisations renouncing the strategic objectives of building socialism and communism, under the revolutionary leadership of the working class and its Marxist-Leninist proletarian party.

6. Understanding that the predominant tendency of the national political situation is toward the maintenance of the weak bourgeois institutionality, we take up as necessary the struggle for progressive reforms and changes, basing ourselves in the mobilisation of the masses, the civic resistance and parliamentary struggle, without ruling out any method of struggle that the changing circumstances call for, based on our ethical principles and our Marxist-Leninist conceptions.

7. Restating the revolutionary principle that the popular masses are the leading force of the revolution, the political organisation, education and mobilisation for the demands of the masses is a permanent task and fundamental axis of our strategy for the accumulation of forces, the struggle for power and national liberation.

8. The PTD ML and the PCT share a political unity of criticism and struggle against the top layers of the three traditional parties (PLD, PRD, PRSC [Party of Dominican Liberation, Democratic Revolutionary Party, Social-Christian Reformist Party – translator’s note]), which we consider as the political representatives of the big local and imperialist bourgeoisie, the social classes that monopolise the riches that our people have created, that control the political power; they are the historic allies of the foreign power and main obstacle to economic development, welfare and democracy.

9. Considering that the PCT and PTD ML maintain relations of respect and brotherhood forged in the daily struggle of our members and the class battles; that they are struggling for national liberation and socialism, with a long history of fighting against opportunism, with a common understanding of the political period that the local and international revolutionary process is experiencing and the tasks that we should take up in this phase, we promise to draw from all the positive things that we have accumulated in our relationship, to develop new levels of brotherhood, understanding and strategic commitments to develop greater stages of unity between our two parties and the progressive and revolutionary sectors of the Dominican people, for which we have agreed to the following Political Accord:

9.1. General Aspects:

a) We commit ourselves to guide our political relations based on mutual respect, reciprocal collaboration and revolutionary solidarity.

b) We will promote the fraternal daily struggle and comradely understanding between the membership of the two organisations in the spirit of forging a unitary culture that is directed toward the whole movement, without restricting the right to dissent and to criticism and self-criticism that should govern the relations of principle among revolutionaries.

c) This Political Accord does not limit the bilateral relations, nor the signing of agreements by our two organisations with other organisations, provided that these do not contravene the nature of this agreement.

9.2. Unitary Politics:

b) This unitary effort is inspired in the short and medium term, in the decision to build up a close coordination at all levels between the two organisations and to make significant contributions to building a unitary revolutionary leadership in the Dominican Republic, whose characteristics would be determined in the course of the process.

b) The PCT and the PTD ML commit their limited resources and experiences to strengthening and projecting the Unity of the People as the embryo of a unitary strategy and to lead in developing a broad political and social alternative that brings together the progressive and left-wing reserves of the Dominican people; to take power and build a sovereign and democratic nation.

9.3 Mass Work:

a) We will work together with other revolutionary organisations and progressive sectors for the restructuring and recomposition of the mass organisations; for a popular coordination based on the principle of representation and legitimacy that the groups at the base agree to. For a practice that opposes manipulation and bureaucracy; that practices democracy in making decisions; that diversifies the forms of organization, the methods of struggle and combine the processes of mobilisation with the strengths of organisation and formation of critical and revolutionary social consciousness.

b) To promote a unitary culture in the social movement and towards the other revolutionary organizations, with which we will try to work out common positions by means of bilateral and multilateral discussions.

c) To coordinate with and/or support each other in the main events and activities of the masses (educational days of struggle, cultural events, processes of organising and struggles) that promote both organisations, mainly in the youth-student, neighbourhood, teachers, trade union and peasant movements.

d) We commit ourselves to discuss supporting each other and other progressive sectors (with the participation of the comrades in their respective areas), in the mass movements of the two organisations, always in a spirit of solidarity, brotherhood, respect and openness.

e) To establish a programme of activities that guarantees the drawing together, fraternity and exchange of experience of the comrades of our parties specialised in the mass work and to promote a type of platform that allows our currents to express themselves and to act together in the mass movement, without subordinating ourselves to anybody.

f) In immediate terms we will take the necessary measures to advance toward the coordination and subsequent unification of a part or all the work that we are carrying out in the youth and teachers’ front.

9.4. Tasks of Construction:

a) Understanding the importance of the processes involved in the building of the revolutionary organisation and the revolutionary struggle of the working class and the oppressed peoples, we have decided the following in this area:

  • To carry out day-to-day meetings to discuss themes of political interest.

  • To organise activities of debate and construction in the mass movement.

  • To exchange delegations in the activities of our respective political schools.

b) Taking as the point of departure the activities discussed above we commit ourselves in a reasonable time to begin the first phase of the common political school.

9.5. International Relations and Solidarity:

a) To support each other in the international work by which:

  • We will do whatever possible to establish common positions relating to the important events that are taking place and in the events in which we decide to participate.

  • To try to send joint delegations to international events.

  • To support each other in international forums putting the resources of each organisation at the service of the other whenever necessary.

  • To work for the greatest possible solidarity in which the largest possible number of progressive and revolutionary sectors can converge.

  • To establish a Joint Commission to discuss international matters and to make proposals that can be carried out together.

In the National District, Capital of the Dominican Republic, on September 27, 2005


Central Committee of the PCT,
Manuel Salazar
Secretary General

Central Committee PTD ML
Ivan Rodriguez

Lucha No. 95, November 2005
Organ of the Communist Party of Labour – PCT.

Translated from the Spanish by George Gruenthal

Opinions on the Political Accord between the PCT and the PTD

* This article translated in Greek is available on issue 234 of Anasintaxi.

By Francisco Caraballo*

The Accord signed recently seems to me to be very positive, because it presents an interesting perspective in the sense of broadening activities in the direction of common objectives. In this respect, the following comments are made:

1. This important political achievement shows the success in the combination of some objective conditions present in the reality of the country, with the determined will of joining forces and efforts toward common purposes.

2. One can see that on the international level unitary actions and plans are being carried out that have to be assessed and closely followed, to sum up experiences that can be useful for the fulfilment of tasks oriented to producing changes in the situation, in favour of the majorities that traditionally have been excluded. There are recent examples in Spain, France, Ecuador, Brazil and Colombia that, although different in their content and projection, show an interesting tendency.

3. It is evident that developments in the reality of these countries show a greater subordination to the designs of the power of the United States, the strengthening of the groups that determine the course of these countries and that benefit from the super-exploitation of broad sectors of the population, while denying solutions to serious social problems. The powerful economic groups linked to the multinationals are satisfied with their positive bottom lines, while those who produce the riches are becoming increasingly impoverished.

4. It is important – as part of the ideological struggle – to subject to severe criticism the falsehood of bourgeois democracy, not only for its own nature, but because those elements that have a positive meaning for the struggle of the peoples have been distorted. The denial or major restriction of freedoms and rights inherent in liberal democracy serve as an example.

5. In the Accord signed one can see the agreement on basic objectives, such as sovereignty, participatory democracy and the solution of the problems of the broad masses of the population. It is clear that these points show clearly the alternatives that stimulate the social struggle to win them; but having achieved a basic accord is very significant because it marks points of departure and roads to follow.

6. In the unitary processes it is clear that different levels exist that should be made specific, in order to avoid confusions that can become negative in the course of carrying out the joint tasks. This is especially important when there is the possibility of reaching out to other forces for unitary tasks.

7. Experience teaches that the strengthening of unity is achieved in the practice of the social and political struggle, that is, in the application of the common program, which becomes the unifying factor. Therefore it is necessary to pay very special attention to fulfilling the commitments and exercising organized control of the plans and tasks.

8. It would be helpful if the unitary agreements and commitments would be as widespread as possible among the different sectors of society. But above all it is necessary that the results of unitary politics should be visible in the social movement, which in many cases requires flexibility in the service of the most important purposes.

* Francisco Caraballo is a well-known Colombian revolutionary and communist leader. He is serving a long prison sentence as a political prisoner; on all continents a permanent campaign for his freedom is developing. Before being arrested, he served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of Colombia, Marxist-Leninist and General Commander of the People’s Liberation Army, EPL.

Translated from the Spanish by George Gruenthal

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Thursday, November 02, 2006

Secret documents reveal Stalin was poisoned

* This article translated in Greek is available on issue 223 of Anasintaxi. We State the article only for information and this publication doesn't mean agreement with author's opinion

Pravda 29 December 2005

December 21 was the 126th birthday of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. Historian and publicist Nikolay Dobryukha says the Kremlin archives contain documented evidence proving that Stalin was poisoned.

The discovered documents absolutely disprove all affirmations saying that Stalin died of cerebral hemorrhage caused by his poor health. These documents are the records of Stalin's medical examination within the period of over 30 years. These documents also demonstrate that Stalin was not at all apprehensive of medical examinations and was not afraid of receiving treatment of doctors as it was rumored. It was also said that for fear to visit doctors Stalin often resorted to self-medication. In fact, highly-qualified doctors were called for in case of Stalin's slightest indisposition and had close medical examination of the high-ranking client all day round.

Records made in September 1947 state that Joseph Stalin had initial stage hypertension, also chronic articular rheumatism and overfatigue. Doctor Kirillov made a record of Stalin's blood pressure - 145 per 85 - which was excellent for his age of 67 at that time.

At the age of 70, Stalin's blood pressure made up 140 per 80 and the pulse made up 74 beats per minute before taking bath. After the bath, blood pressure dropped to 138 per 75 and the pulse made up 68 per minute. The Soviet leader did not complain of bad sleep, had regular bowel movements and was fine in general. The medical records show Stalin had the blood pressure of 140 per 80 and the pulse 70 beats per minute at the age of 72. At that, the latter measuring was made when Stalin had flu and fever. It is unlikely that younger and healthier people can register similar showing. And this is astonishing that no other medical record mentions of the initial stage hypertension of Stalin.

It was not true when some people stated that "Stalin was seriously ill, especially after the dramatic stress he endured during WWII". These talks appeared as soon as bulletins about Stalin's health were published for the first time on March 4, 1953. These official bulletins stated that on the night of March 2 Joseph Stalin had cerebral hemorrhage caused by his hypertension and atherosclerosis.

The false statements were encouraged by Lavrentiy Beria and his prot?g?s Malenkov and Khrushchev as soon as they became leaders of the country.

The discovered documents reveal that the Soviet leader got poisoned within February 28 - March 1, 1953, between the Saturday night and Monday, the period when majority of doctors cannot be reached for because of their day off. That was done on purpose to give the poison enough time to take effect.

But it is not also ruled out that conspirators first immediately poisoned Stalin and only after that his double fell victim of the poison as well. In fact, Beria did not expect the poisoning would be so protracted and that is why he felt incredibly nervous. On March 4, newspapers controlled by Beria reported that "Stalin had cerebral hemorrhage staying in his Moscow apartment on the night of March 2" which was not true because Stalin died at the out-of-town residence. Why did Beria need to report the leader died in his Moscow apartment? Probably he spread misinformation to use Stalin's look-alike: maybe Stalin died immediately after poisoning staying in the out-of-town residence and his double "fell ill" in an instant in the Kremlin and then on the night of March 2 was moved to the out-of-town residence to substitute the already dead Lord. In a word, Beria's plan turned out to be not quite smooth. To be on the safe side, when it was publicly announced Stalin was dead Beria still arrested the head of a laboratory making poisons for secret killings.

Many people knew that Beria was going to wage war against Stalin. His son Sergo said that father highly likely schemed something against Stalin with the help of his supporters in law enforcement structures and with his own intelligence structure that was not controlled by any of the governmental structures.

Stalin's bodyguards say that the leader got poisoned immediately after he drank mineral water. Indeed, Stalin was found dead lying near a table on which a bottle with mineral water and a glass stood. The poison took effect instantaneously. Some sources state that Stalin fell down dead and others insist he fell down unconscious.

Study of the archives revealed that on November 8, 1953 the Kremlin sanitary department wanted to hand "medicaments and three empty mineral water battles" over to the Stalin Museum. But for some reason, the department handed just two empty bottles to the Museum on November 9. What is the secret of the third lost bottle?

The journal kept by doctors treating Stalin brings to nothing the memoirs and researches of Stalin's last illness and death. As seen from the records in the journal the doctors obviously understood that Stalin was poisoned. This is proved by prescriptions they made: ice application to the head; sweet tea with lemon; catharsis with sulfur-acid magnesia and so on.

When doctors examined Stalin at 7 a.m. March 2 they found the patient lying on his back on a sofa with the head turned to the left and the eyes closed. The hyperemia of face was moderate; the breathing was not upset. The pulse made up 78 beats per minute, the heart sounds were rather muffled. The blood pressure made up 190 per 110. The stomach was soft and the liver protruded 3-4 cm from under the rib edge. Stalin was unconscious; his condition was grave.

Doctor Lukomsky discovered that Stalin's right arm and leg were paralyzed. From time to time his left leg and arm moved a little. The medical records suggest that doctors did their best to treat the leader for poisoning and for its consequences, blood supply disturbance and insult, at the same time. But none of them pronounced that was poisoning.

It was on March 3 when Stalin's doctors registered that condition of the patient grew even worse and heart activity got weaker. Next day, March 4, the condition of the patient grew extremely grave because of frequent respiratory standstills. Suddenly, the skin on the face, legs and arms became blue which is quite typical of poisoning with some poisons. When a human organism is poisoned with aniline, nitrobenzene and others hemoglobin turns into methemoglobin having dark color. It is not ruled out that Stalin was poisoned with a mixture of different poisons.

On the night of March 5, doctors got results of Stalin's blood and urine tests which indicated the patient suffered from poisoning. But the doctors were afraid to tell Beria about poisoning as they feared he would blame any of them for the poisoning. Stalin's liver was still enlarged, another factor typical of poisoning.

Early in the morning March 5, Stalin had bloody vomit as a result of which the pulse declined and the blood pressure dropped. The doctors were at a loss how to explain what was happening to the patient. All day long Stalin had bloody vomit and was in collapse several times.

In the evening on March 5, Stalin was wet through with perspiration, the pulse was thready and cyanosis intensified. The doctors gave the patient carbogene several times but the condition did not improve. At 9:40 p.m. Stalin had artificial ventilation but in vain. His death was registered at 9:50 p.m.

Many of documented evidence left by doctors, including premortal examination of Stalin, disagree with recollections of other eyewitnesses. For instance, Stalin's daughter Svetlana said she could not recognize the father as his illness changed him beyond recognition. Was it possible that Beria's people substituted Stalin with his double and even his relatives could not recognize him?

One of the documents pertaining to Stalin's death discovered in the Kremlin archives seems to be particularly mysterious. The document says that nurse Moiseyeva gave Stalin an injection of calcium gluconate at 8:45 p.m. Never before that over the whole period of illness was Stalin given such an injection. At 9:48 p.m., the nurse affixed her signature to a document revealing she gave Stalin an injection of 20-percent camphor oil. Finally, the woman made an injection of adrenalin to Stalin for the first time over the whole course of treatment and made an official record of the fact. Soon after that the Soviet leader died. This coincidence probable gave rise to rumors that a Jewish woman trained by Beria dispatched Stalin to the next world by giving him a special injection.

When contemporary doctors studied medical records of Stalin's illness and last hours of life they stated adrenaline injections were forbidden for patients registering the same symptoms that Stalin had.

But it is a fact that soon after Stalin's brothers-in-arms distributed authority at a special plenary session in the Kremlin, they came to the out-of-town residence where Stalin was still staying alive and gave him the fatal injection.

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Communique of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations against the criminalization of communism

* This article translated in Greek is available on issue 221 of Anasintaxi.

From the 25th of January 2006, the parliamentary assembly of the European Council is discussing in plenum a project of resolution called “ the necessity of an international condemnation of the crimes of the totalitarian communist regimes”.

This project elaborated by an ultra reactionary group of the European Parliament is a new attempt to criminalize communism. It is not the first one : in May 2005, the European commissar Fantini had tried to forbid the “communist symbols”. Today, this text is an open attack against the history of communism, the essential contribution of the communist parties, the contribution of the peoples of the USSR in the struggle and the victory over nazi-fascism. But this text goes another long step forward, pretending to forbid to the workers to refer themselves to the ideal of communism, trying to prohibit parties and organizations which refer themselves to this ideal. It dreams of getting rid off the “concept of class struggle”, which means to criminalize the workers and trade union movements. And as it proclaims it openly, it is addressing first the youth.

This new ideological offensive is part of the attacks of all hues, in all the European countries and even all around the world, launched by capitalism, the big monopolies, the imperialist powers against the social, political, democratic conquests of the workers and the people, especially those that the imperialist system had been obliged to concede after the victory over nazi-fascism.

This offensive takes place at a moment when imperialism is denounced all over the world, as a system responsible for famines, misery and wars, at a moment when the working class, the workers of cities and countryside, the youth, the people, are looking for an alternative that brakes with this system. The bourgeoisie fears that they turn their eyes towards socialism, towards parties and organisations that defend it.

We, Communist Marxist Leninist parties and organizations, members of the International conference of Marxist Leninist Parties and Organizations, are vigorously denouncing this reactionary project of resolution, full of revenge. We call the workers, the sane people, the democratic, progressive organisations to condemn firmly and loudly this new attack.

January 2006

Revolutionary Communist Party of Brazil (PCR)
Communist Party of Chile (Proletarian Action) (PC-AP)
Communist Party of Colombia Marxist-Leninist (PCdeC-ML)
Workers' Communist Party of Denmark (APK)
Communist Party of Labor, Dominican Republic (PCT)
Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador (PCMLE)
Communist Party of the Workers of France (PCOF)
Communist Party of Germany (KPD)
Organization for the Reconstruction of the Communist Party of Greece
Party of Labour of Iran (Toufan)
Revolutionary Communist Party of Ivory Coast (RCPIC)
Communist Party of Mexico (Marxist-Leninist) (PCM (m-l))
Marxist-Leninist Organization Revolution of Norway
National Committee of Communist Organizations of Spain (CEOC) -
composed of the Communist Organization of Catalonia,
Communist Organization October,
September 27 Communist Collective – Castile and Leon –
and Communist Organization of the Valencia Country)
Communist Party of the Workers of Tunisia (PCOT)
Revolutionary Communist Party of Turkey (TDKP)
Revolutionary Communist Party of Volta (PCRV)

This resolution is supported by

Euskal Herriko Komunistak (EHK) – Basque Communist Movement
Boltxe Kolektiboa (Euskal Herria) - Basque Country
Communist Party of Benin (PCB)
Arbeit – Zukunft (Organisation for the construction of a communist workers' party in Germany)
Magazine Revolutionary Democracy (India)
Magazine Teoria y Practica (Italy)
Pakistan Mazdoor Mahaaz – (Workers Front of Pakistan)
Refundación Comunista Puerto Rico
"Regülta" (Cantabria)
Action du Tchad pour l'Unité et le Socialisme (ACTUS, Tchad)

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