Sunday, June 28, 2009

The struggle of Nikandros Kepesis against Khrushchevite revisionism

Translation of an article published in newspaper“Anasintaxi”, issue 300, June 15-31 2009

Nikandros Kepesis

The Communist N. Kepesis, while in the ranks of “K”KE, started referring to and citing J.V. Stalin and N. Zachariades in a very hard period in which the social-democratic “K”KE strictly prohibited even a simple reference to them (all his references in public speeches were censored from “Rizospastis”, the newspaper of the “K”KE). In these references the old communists, Stalinists-Zachariadists, guerrillas of the National Liberation Army of Greece (ELAS) and the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE), saw – in contradiction to the recent references to Stalin from the GC of “K”KE Aleka Papariga which are entirely misleading, purely demagogic and intended to deceive the communists – an important and remarkable, courageous and honest debate in the current social-democratic counter-revolutionary Khrushchevite revisionism and welcomed this with no hesitation.

Since then comrade Nikandros Kepesis in various public interventions, speeches and the pre-conference dialogues, argued against the revisionist line of the 20th Congress of the CPSU and the “6th Plenum” of the “K”KE (1956). He proposed that both had to be denounced and rejected for their anti-Marxist views. That ultimately led to first to his book “Khrushchev and Gorbachev – the two main rings of treason” (Athens 1998), after that to “Concerns about events and people” (Athens 2006) and last to the brochure “Marxism-Leninism and Proletarian internationalism” (Athens, May 2007), which puts forward Marxist positions in militant confrontation with the social-democratic views of Khrushchevite revisionism. The latter is expressed and defended by the social-democratic group of Aleka Papariga and can be easily realised from the texts of the recent 18th Congress of “K”KE and mainly of the anti-Marxist position contained in the decision on the subject of “socialism”: that the Soviet Union supposedly continued – and despite the overthrow of the dictatorship of the proletariat after the death-murder of Stalin – the building of socialism without the dictatorship of the proletariat nor a revolutionary communist party. This myth reflects the bourgeois anti-Marxist understanding of socialism-communism of this leadership.

And now a brief reference to Nikandros Kepesis’ three books, which in no way is intended to replace their study by the Communists:

1) “Khrushchev and Gorbachev – the two main rings of treason” (Athens, 1998).

In the foreword of his first book the Communist N. Kepesis speaks of “treason” to the communist movement, which he characterizes as the “greatest treason of all centuries”, and also identifies precisely the time of this treason: “the treason – the greatest of all centuries – began in 1956 with the 20th Congress of the CPSU (p. 9).

In another place be speaks of betrayal of Marxism-Leninism and that Khrushchev and his companions betrayed its founding principles, first and foremost the principle of the dictatorship of the proletariat: “Khrushchev and his companions betrayed Marxism-Leninism, its founding principles, first and foremost the principle of the dictatorship of the proletariat, while he promised that in 1980 the USSR would establish Communism” (p. 77).

Finally, he notes that Khrushchev replaced the dictatorship of the proletariat with the so-called “state of the whole people, which, as is known, can only be the dictatorship of the new bourgeoisie, since ultra-class states do not exist. There can be only the dictatorship of the proletariat or the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie. This replacement of the dictatorship of the proletariat with the so-called “state of the whole people opened the doors to proposals of counter-revolutionary restoration of capitalism in the Soviet Union: “Khrushchev with his revisionist clique replaced the dictatorship of the proletariat with the ‘state of the whole people’. This weakened the working class ideologically and in practice made it unable to exercise its authority, to play its leading role. Thus began the rats of the bourgeoisie and mafia acting. Bad things began in the 20th Congress and completed by Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Shevardnadze, Yakovlev, et al” (p. 120).

2) “Concerns about events and people” (Athens, 2006)

In his second book N. Kepesis puts forward especially the very important question of the extermination-murder of the great Bolshevik communist leader Nikos Zachariades, about whom Stalin had said, turning to Niyazov during the proceedings of the 19th Congress of the CPSU (1952): “Do you see him? He is a great leader. He will bring about the revolution not only in Greece but also in Europe”. (P. Demetriou, “Ek vatheon”, Athens 1997, pp. 202-203). He notes that “On the 1st of August of 1973, the Khrushchevite leader L. Brezhnev committed a crime that the Hitlerite invaders didn’t dare to commit” (note: Zachariades was prisoner of the Nazis during the period 1941-1945 and held in Dachau concentration camp) and that “It turns out that Charilaos Florakis agreed with the Khrushchevite leadership to that action if he did not call for this murder himself. At any rate, Char. Florakis was the instigator of Nikos Zachariades’ murder”. (p. 45).

3) “Marxism-Leninism and Proletarian internationalism” (Athens, May 2007)

This 15-page brochure is dedicated to the “memory of the leader of the KKE Nikos Zachariades, who was murdered by the Khrushchevite leadership in the frozen steppes of Siberia under unspecified conditions”. The brochure opens with the historic letter of Zachariades of 31 October 1940 and ends with the assessment of the anti-communist Churchill on Stalin. In this brochure, Kepesis refers once again to the assassination of Zachariades, records the opinion of Stalin to Niyazov about him, refers to the visit of A. Papariga in Moscow to meet Gorbachev together with O. Kolozof and P. Trigazis, lists and criticizes the anti-Marxists views of the counter-revolutionary “perestroika”, which Papariga presented as “socialism”: “the ideas of perestroika correspond to the requirements of the reorganization of socialism, and contribute significantly to the development of the modern... theory of socialism, socialism has never been more attractive” (A. Papariga, “Pravda” June 25, 1991) (p. 8-9). Kepesis references one of his earlier statements about the 20th Congress of CPSU, which, inter alia, noted that “in the 20th Congress (1956) of the CPSU anti-Stalinism became the ideology of the CPSU” and reiterates his proposal that the “K”KE has to condemn the 20th Congress of the CPSU and the “6th Plenum” of 1956, noting: “in order for this shame, this moral crime, to be eliminated, the 18th Congress of the KKE must condemn the 20th Congress of the CPSU and the “6th Wide Plenum” of the KKE (1956)” (p. 10).

Finally, due to the anti-Marxist positions of A. Papariga and her refusal to condemn the anti-Marxist views of the 20th Congress of CPSU and the “6th Plenum” Kepesis proposed: “after all these anti-Marxist positions and since she refuses that the KKE has to criticize and condemn the 20th Congress of the CPSU and the “6th Plenum” of the KKE and reject their anti-Marxist positions, A. Papariga can not remain in the leadership of Greece. She should be removed, deposed, and her position be assumed by a collective leadership that will take the initiative to discuss at the 18th Congress the two central issues: the 20th Congress of the CPSU and the “6th Plenum” and their anti-Marxist positions should be condemned because they caused great destruction to Socialism and to the international communist movement” (p. 13-14).

But, as all decisions of the latter 18th Congress were reaffirmed, especially that about “socialism”, the social-democrat A. Papariga and the leadership of the “K”KE continue steadily and consistently along the same counter-revolutionary social-democratic path of the 20th Congress of the CPSU (February 1956) and the convention of the “6th Plenum” (March 1956), refusing to renounce their treacherous anti-Marxist views, serving the interests of capital and the perpetuation of the sovereignty of the reactionary bourgeoisie.

All these are the roots of the extremely hostile attitude and class hatred of the lackeys of capital, the social-democratic leaders of the “K”KE against the communist revolutionary comrade Nikandros Kepesis, spokesperson-defender of the interests of the proletariat and courageous bearer of the Proletarian Revolution and Socialism-Communism.

Gorbachev-Papariga: The “brave kids” of Nikita Khrushchev (Moscow, June 1991)

Read More »

Friday, June 26, 2009

Articles in “Rizospastis and “Kommounistiki Epitheorisi” (1924-1947) against the counter-revolutionary Trotskyism / JUST RELEASED!

Athens, June 2009
Pages: 124
Size: A5
Language: Greek

5 euros

The Movement for the Reorganisation of the Communist Party of Greece 1918-55 released a special 124-pages edition with selected articles from the 1924-1947 period of “Rizospastis” and “Kommounistiki Epitheorisi” (Communist Review) with articles against the counter-revolutionary current of Trotskyism. As I.V. Stalin has stated “Trotskyism is the advance guard of the counter-revolutionary bourgeoisie”.

The foreword of the edition follows:

The period 1924-1947 in “Rizospastis” and “Kommounistiki Epitheorisi” (Communist Review) there were published lots of articles against the advance guard of counter-revolution, Trotskyism. We publish a small sample of these articles (28) as a contribution to the history of the revolutionary movement of our country. Nowdays, these articles gain a special value for the history of KKE (1918-1955) and provides with knowledge for the stance of Trotskyism in this period and in the following years. Trotskyism was fought and revealed by the revolutionary theory of Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism and both its politics and ideology were defeated. In this edition we additionally include an excerpt from the speech to the second Plenum of the CP of KKE in 1946 in which he is referring to the role of Trotskyism.

Read More »

Message of the CC of KPD for the death of Nikandros Kepesis

Dear comrades,
with great dismay we have received the notice of the death of comrade Nikandros Kepesis, veteran communist and fighter of the Greek Liberation Army (ELAS) who has devoted his life to the cause of the working class and the oppressed people.
We grieve with you for the great loss that the Communist movement has suffered with his death and hereby express our condolences.

With communist greetings,
Central Comittee of KPD

Read More »

Tuesday, June 23, 2009

One Million-strong Demonstration in Tehran against the Ruthless Regime of the Islamic Republic! Long Live the General Strike!

Nearly a million people staged a demonstration in Tehran today and expressed their anger and disgust over the deceitful and hypocritical regime of the Islamic Republic. The participants in the

demonstration spit on the sham election and its "elected" president and on the Supreme Leader Khamenei. The Iranian people have reached the conclusion that the regime of Islamic Republic has no respect for their opinions and that the president, despite the public charade, is appointed by the "Guardian Council", the "Expediency Council", the "Supreme Leader", and a mafia of power.
The Islamic reformers who have put on sheep’s clothing today were yesterday's wolves who had a significant role in the execution of thousands of Iranian revolutionaries and in the suppression of the 1979 Revolution. They were and continue to be devoted to the system of Islamic rule with a supreme leader at the top. The quarrels between the factions of the Islamic Republic of Iran are not about democracy, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and organisation, the rights of workers and women and youth, etc. Their fight is about who can seise power and grab a bigger piece of the pie.
The just struggle of the people of Iran would be fruitful if the class demands and class lines become transparent in the movement. The people can achieve freedom and social justice by their organized, planned, sharp, and targeted struggles.
The power of the regime of the Islamic Republic is slipping away, and the authorities are unable to react to the mass movement. In this situation, the people should be vigilant and must not become
cannon fodder in the quarrel between the two factions of the regime. We are vigilant and will not be deceived by the Reformist Faction's filing electoral complaints and engaging in correspondence with the office of the Supreme Leader. Even if Khamenei voids the result and calls for new elections, the result will be nothing more than replacing Ahmadinejad with another pawn.
The presidential candidate Mussavi has been part and parcel of the Islamic rule. He was the Prime Minister of the Islamic Republic during the mass executions in Iran. Mussavi agrees with the slogan "Down with the deceitful government" but strongly opposes the people’s chant of "Down with the deceitful order". He tries to bring the movement of dissatisfied masses under his control by using the religious sentiment of the people. Mussavi asks the people to be patient, silent, and peaceful. The people demonstrating on the streets of Iran cannot listen to these mollifying sermons.
The fascist Security, Intelligence, Paramilitary, Police, and the plainclothes Police of the Islamic Republic have attacked the peaceful demonstrators, and dozens of civilians have been fatally shot.
These government forces have carried out the most vicious attacks on the people in the past and will certainly do it again. This brutality of the regime shows the young demonstrators that they cannot have any illusions about the suppressive nature of the Islamic Republic and that freedom, radical change, self-determination, and the rights of workers and women and youth cannot be achieved through peaceful demonstrations and sit-ins. In order to minimise loss and maximise gain, we must build and strengthen the party of the working class. Country-wide protests and general and political strikes of the all strata of society, especially of the working class, will ring the death bell of the regime of the Islamic Republic.
The Party of Labour of Iran (Toufan) strongly condemns the criminal regime of the Islamic Republic for its attacks on the peaceful demonstrations. We demand the release of all activists who have been detained in the recent events. All those responsible for the killings must be brought to justice. We demand the release of all imprisoned political and labour activists. The equality of man and woman must be realised in all spheres of life. We demand the separation of religion from state and education. The freedom of expression, assembly, and organisation must be recognised by the regime of the Islamic Republic. All repressive forces of the Islamic Republic, Security, Police, Intelligence, Basig
(mobilisation), Pasdaran (guardians), plainclothes Police, etc must be withdrawn from the streets.
Our Party calls on fraternal Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organisations, all progressive and revolutionary organisations, and all freedom-loving individuals to condemn the regime of the Islamic
Republic for its uncountable crimes against the Iranian people in the past thirty years.

Long Live the Protest Movement of the Iranian People against the Islamic Republic!
Down with the Regime of the Islamic Republic!
Long Live the General Strike of the Workers, Students, Teachers, Nurses, and Employees!
Long Live Socialism!

The Party of Labour of Iran (Toufan)
June 17, 2009

Read More »

Monday, June 22, 2009

Message of Vijay Singh (“Revolutionary Democracy” Magazine) for the death of cde Nikandros Kepesis

Monday, June 22, 2009

Condolences on the death of Comrade Nikandros Kepesis. The KKE had an illustrious communist history which has been negated by its current Khrushchevist revisionist leadership. The true revolutionaries have gathered around the Movement for the Reorganisation of the Communist Party of Greece 1918-55.

Vijay Singh,
Revolutionary Democracy

Read More »

Tuesday, June 16, 2009

Message of the Party of Labour of Iran (Toufan) for the death of cde Nikandros Kepesis

To the Political Committee of the "Movement for the Reorganisation of the Communist Party of Greece, 1918-55" ,

Dear Comrades,
With deep sorrow, the Party of Labour of Iran (Toufan) sends you its message of condolences for the death of Comrade Nikandros Kepesis.
Comrade Nikandros was a tested and experienced communist who dedicated his life to the struggle for a free and independent Greece and to the establishment of a society free of oppression and exploitation. War, prison, and camp could not break the will and determination of Comrade Nikandros to fight for a society in which all are equal. The struggle he waged against the occupation inspired many young activists to join the National Liberation Army of Greece. Today, our Comrades in Greece find Nikandros in their daily struggle to build a free society.
We are confident that our Comrades in Greece will turn the grief over the death of Comrade Nikandros Kepesis into strength and will continue his path of class struggle.

Glory to Memory of Comrade Nikandros Kepesis!
The Party of Labour of Iran (Toufan)
June 2009

Read More »

Message of Dr. Laver Stroka for the death of Nikandros Kepesis


To: "Movement for the Reorganization of the Communist Party of Greece 1918-55"

Dear comrades!

Grievously I took the message for loss of veteran communist Nikandros Kepesis.

Comrade Nikandros has give a big contributes in Antifascist Warm and in organization of Communist Party of Greece. As a dedicated communist and fighter he passed a great span of the life in prisons and in concentration camps.

Comrade Nikandros remain a truth communist consequent.

Such men die never.

Lifelong his name!

Dr. Laver Stroka



Jun 12th.2009

Read More »

Sunday, June 14, 2009

Enver Hoxha: The Marxist-Leninist Movement and the World Crisis of Capitalism

Comrade Enver Hoxha wrote an article in August 1979 with the title “The Marxist-Leninist Movement and the World Crisis of Capitalism”. It was published by the Institute of Marxist-Leninist Studies at the Central Committee of the Party of Labour of Albania. The article in English is available here.

We translated this text in to Greek and it we published it in our newspaper “Anasintaxi” in three parts: issue 296 (15-30/4/2009), 297 (1-15/5/2009) and 299 (1-15/6/2009). (part 1 | part 2 | part 3). This is the first time this article is published in Greek.

Read More »

Wednesday, June 10, 2009

Toufan: The Participation in the Elections is to Legitimize the Regime of the Islamic Republic!

Statement on the tenth presidential elections in Iran

The Participation in the Elections is to Legitimize the Regime of the Islamic Republic!


The tenth presidential elections of the Islamic Republic of Iran will be held on June 12, 2009. The two factions of the regime, Conservative and Reformist, are trying their best to warm up the electoral campaigns. The heated debates between the factions are influenced by world crises and events. The US and European countries are watching the campaigns closely and are hoping that the incumbent president Ahmadinejad loses to his opponent, Reformist candidate Mussavi. The imperialists try to influence the result of the election by propagating an idea that if the Reformist candidate wins the election, the negotiation between Iran and the US could start very quickly and the economic blockade of Iran could be lifted. Through these kinds of involvements, the imperialists will have indirect influence on the results of the elections. In Iran, this political involvement may have the opposite result. The fact that the people of Iran are opposed to the regime of the Islamic Republic does not imply that the people are ready to overthrown the regime or even actively participate in the actions to change the government. After 1979 revolution in Iran, the struggle for freedom and democracy has continued unabated. Despite the protests by workers, students, women, and civil institutions, we cannot yet talk about a revolutionary situation in Iran. Presently, the Iranian masses are indifferent toward the presidential elections. The present situation is very different than it was twelve years ago when the people had hopes for change through reform movement and participated en masse in the elections. At that time, their participation in the presidential elections was a big blow to the regime.
Today, there is no pressure from below to frighten the top leaders of the regime into a forced retreat. The Iranian masses are disillusioned with and disappointed by the Reformers. Today, every major decision is made by the top leadership, and the people feel their participation in the elections will not influence the development of the events or their destiny and that none of the four candidates introduced by the regime represents their interests. The indifference of the masses towards the elections has alarmed the Islamic regime as it tries to pretend to the outside world that it has the support and confidence of the people.
The "Guardian Council" of the Islamic Republic has chosen four candidates among many hundreds, two from the Conservative faction and two from the Reformist, to run for elections. The "Guardian Council", not the people, has made decisions regarding the qualification of the candidates. In this situation, how can people trust and have confidence in these four candidates? The Iranian people do not recognise the qualifications of the council in the first place! This is a council to filter out the opponents and critics of the regime. The regime of the Islamic Republic knows that its election is fake and has no shame about it. However, the regime is fearful of the indifference of the masses toward the elections. The Islamic authorities try through propaganda, deception, and intimidation to force the people to go to the polls.
There are also reports that the regime is trying to lower the voting age to fifteen years. The regime is concerned about its legitimacy abroad. The regime of the Islamic Republic does not respond to the demands of the people, does not value human life, does not end the suppression of dissidents, and does not eradicate superstitions. Instead, it tries to paint its façade to show the imperialists that it has legitimacy at home. The regime has no powerful social base at home to stand up against the
imperialist-Zionist threats and aggression against our people.
Today, two main factions of the Islamic regime are quarrelling in the elections, and both are the defenders and protectors of the Islamic Republic. This quarrel is about who can protect the Islamic
Republic better. At the same time, both factions are fighting to seise and benefit from the country’s vast resources. Both factions cooperate in preserving the political and class power of the Islamic Republic.
The masses are disillusioned with the so-called the Reformist faction. The Reformers have shown that they are incapable of fulfilling the demands of the masses, and that they are more frightened by the demands than by the noise of the rival faction. When they had the support and votes of twenty million people twelve years ago, they did not even legalise the right to form trade unions. How could they now gain the support and the trust of the public and take them to the polling stations again? The former ever-smiling President Khatami played the role of a fireman when the demand for change was burning in millions of the Iranian masses. The Reformers support the economic liberalism of the World Trade Organization, International Monetary Funds, and the World Bank, and they strongly supported the privatisation of major sectors of the economy as they tried to attract imperialist investments in Iran. The Reformers signed the traitorous "Additional Protocol" of International Atomic Energy Agency on non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.
The government of Ahnadinejad was a response of the Iranian ruling circles to the threats of the US imperialists, to economic sanctions, and to the acts of sabotage of the imperialist agents in Iran. The Ahmadinegad government placed significant importance to both domestic suppression and increased military capability. The Conservative faction based itself on the policy that foreign threats strengthen domestic unity, and they implemented this policy skillfully.
The Party of Labour of Iran (Toufan) believes that the participation in the tenth presidential elections in Iran will be in the service of the policies of the Islamic Republic and will strengthen its unpopular regime. In the situation in which despotism rules the country, which the political organisations are
illegalised, which free presses are banned, and in which the political and labour activists are tortured and imprisoned, the talk about a free election in Islamic Republic is cheap. The rule of the Islamic Republic serves as an impediment against any democratic development in Iran. In this situation the correct policy is to actively boycott the tenth presidential elections. This policy is a principled tactic to further discredit and ill-legitimise the murderous regime of Iran. This tactic is to intensify the intercontradiction
of the regime and to weaken the Islamic Republic in its totality. Our supporters are actively agitating against the participation in the elections. We mobilise the people and convince them that this election is not free, etc. The movement to boycott the tenth presidential elections in Iran is an active movement to further expose and isolate the regime of the Islamic Republic.

The Party of Labour of Iran (Toufan)
May 2009

Read More »

Tuesday, June 09, 2009

Ecuador: Contradictions to the interior of the democratic and left trend

Editorial del semanario En Marcha, edición 1445. 9 de junio 2009

Contradictions to the interior of the democratic and left trend

In the course of the previous weeks, the confrontation between the Educators' National Union and the government, about the unconstitutional and punitive evaluation to the teachers, has turned into central aspect of the Ecuadorian politics. This shock, which from the government and the great mass media has been led also in opposition to the Popular Democratic Movement, this has provoked confusion in many ecuadorians who do not get to understand how the government, including the president Rafael Correa, has attacked with so much force two organizations that have expressed their support to the governmental management.

This behavior cuold qualify as inconsecuence of PAI and the government with an sector which had given clear samples of of commitment with the political project that Ecuador lives. But further more than inconsistency there exist differences of political order that confronts them. Rafael Correa and PAIS have established a democratic and progressive government, and though they speak of taking forward a revolution to which they qualify as citizen revolution , the certain thing is that their management has the limit of the capitalist institucionality that they respect and call to respecting it. We are in front of a government that does not overcome the reformism

and beyond welfarism across which he tries to attend to any material needs of the people, but that does not mean they will provoke a real transformation in the structures of the ecuadorian society.

The MPD, on the other hand, as a revolutionary organization, understands that is necesary to take radical acction to change the country and It has been criticized, for example, the ambivalence about the government against the banks and entrepreneurs, while make agrements with the latter when they have been mocked about the implementation of the mandate that ended the outsourcing, or when it guarantees high returns and to early to raise interest rates or maintain more than one billion dollars from the State in private banks. Inconsistent Conduct with the speech have been presented on such topics as oil policy, mining or in relation to the external debt that is considerate as illegal and illegitimate, however is paid.

What is happening in our country is the confrontation within the democratic, progressive and leftist trend between reformers positions vs. the positions of the revolutionary left that holds critical positions on the limitations and errors of government action. Reformism want space close to the action of the revolutionary forces.
The revolutionary left understands as inevitable the presence of these contradictions and tries to ensure that workers and people understand their nature and origin. Their solution does not hide the differences, but on the contrary, redouble efforts to make the people understand better the political situation and its strategic objectives.

However, now, this confrontation is heightened, not to forget that the fundamental contradiction in Ecuadorian society which is manifested between exploited and exploiters, betwen peoples of Ecuador and working class and imperialism, primarily American. This is the first target of the Ecuadorian revolution.

Read More »

Wednesday, June 03, 2009

Message of Piattaforma Comunista for the death of Nikandros Kepesis

Italian marxists-leninists bend their flags at the memory of comrade Nikandros Kepesis.

His activity, courage and determination are an example for everyone that want to fight for a new society without workers’ exploitation and people’s oppression.

His name and his contribute will live forever in our fight!

Please, transmit our deep regret to his family.

With internationalistic feeling,

Piattaforma Comunista (Italy).

Read More »

Veteran communist cde Nikandros Kepesis passed away

Athens 3 June 2009

The veteran communist cde Nikandros Kepesis passed away today at 7:00 in the morning at “Evaggelistria” Hospital in Kypseli, where he hospitalized for a long time.

Nikandros Kepesis took part in the 1940-41 war, as a reserve second lieutenant. He was one of the first to join the struggle against the conquerors. He became captain of the 6th independent Constitution of Piraeus of the Greek Liberation Army (ELAS). He became a member of OKNE (as a student) in 1930 and in 1936 a member of the KKE. In 1944 he became a member of the Secretariat of the Party Organisation of Piraeus and in 1946 second Secretary of the Party Organisation of Athens. In 1950 while in prison, was elected member of the Central Committee of KKE from the 3rd State Conference. HE reelected in all conferences up to the 11th Congress. For his patriotic and partisan activities he was chased hard. He spent 22 years in prisons and concentration camps. For his contribution against occupation and in particular his contribution to the battles of 12-13 October 1944, he was honored with Party praise and party and became a Lieutenant of PEEA. He was a member of the Greek parliament with KKE in the past.

His funeral is tomorrow, Thursday, at Zografou Cemetery at 11 am.

The Political Committee of the "Movement for the Reorganisation of the Communist Party of Greece 1918-55"
PO Box 3689, 102 10 Athens
Tel: +30 2108621543

Read More »